Shanghaied in San Francisco
Table of Contents
Acknowledgments
List of Illustrations
Foreword
Preface 
Introduction
Chaos on the Waterfront 
The Boardinghouse Masters Organize
Latter Days of the Boardinghouse Gang 
First Hand Accounts of Shanghaied Sailors
Whitehall Boatmen
Politics Among the Shanghaiers 
Economics Overcome the Law
Appendix: James Laflin and the Shipping of Whaling Men
Glossary
Bibliography
Index
Illustrations
                                         
Harbor police pursue shanghaiers
Vallejo Street Wharf, 1863, with sailors' boardinghouses 
Vallejo Street in 1867
The Old Ship Saloon
Eric O. Lindblom
Shipping Articles, 1856
Chandler in boxing togs 
A typical crimp/ "Sometimes force is necessary"
Arctic Oil Works, with cable cars under construction
Ship Southern Cross
John Curtin's boardinghouse, demolished by a bomb 
Billy Dwyer, bare-knuckle boxer and Barbary Coast saloon keeper
Tommy Chandler vs. Dooney Harris boxing match
The Lick House 
John "Shanghai Chicken" Devine 
The Chicken loses his hand
The paddle steamer Wilson G. Hunt
City jail, Portsmouth Square 
Downeasters at the foot of Telegraph Hill
Joseph "Frenchy" Franklin
Boxing referee and crimp Billy Jordan
The Bank Exchange Saloon where Duncan Nichol dispensed Pisco Punch79
Sabatie letter searching for Henry Jobet 
Harry "Horseshoe" Brown
Police officer and former boardinghouse keeper Thomas R. Langford
Shipping master Fred J. Hunt
Battery Street, near "Lime-Juice" Corner
Ship Battle Abbey
Black sailors' boardinghouse operator John T. Callender 
Bad Whiskey and Blood-Money
The Men Behind Crowley's Fleet 
"Lime-Juice" Corner
Whaler Jeanette
Whaler Narwhal
John R. Savory, a.k.a. "Scab Johnny"
Bells of Shandon Saloon, Mr. Brewer proprietor
Valentine Kehrlein, Jr., proprietor, Hotel Nymphia
Dave Crowley, Sr., at Meiggs Wharf 
Tom Crowley, Sr., in 1898 
Whitehall boatman Robert Gibson
Dave Crowley, Sr. "hooking-on"
Abe Warner's Cobweb Palace
Whitehall sailing race 
Single Whitehall, with sail up
Interior of John Twigg's boatbuilding shop
The Desmond brothers rowing
C.C. Stutz, butcher, and "Jack the Ripper's" boss
Whitehall hooked-on to the Marlborough Hill
Billy and Harry's Saloon, 1904 
Gordon Grant whaling scenes
Whitehall boatman and professional oarsman Henry Peterson
The Desmond brothers sailing
Oarsman Fred Plaisted, 1878
Whale Hunters on Howard Street Wharf 
Funeral of officers Dakin and Hennessy at Hall of Records
Chris Buckley in fire department uniform
Alex Greggains, Buckley's bodyguard and life-long friend
Republican boss Martin Kelly 
Fire department boss Sam Rainey
Thomas W. Chandler 
Billy Clark and Hans Hansen
Tommy Chandler, circa 1900
General B. Griffin Barney, Deputy Shipping Commissioner
Street scene at 504 Battery Street, 1879-80
Ship Amazon
Andrew Furuseth, Coast Seamen's Union leader
Steuart Street sailors' boardinghouse 
Former Board of Supervisors member Stewart Menzies
Former Board of Supervisors member John T. Sullivan 
The Sailor's Home on Rincon Hill
Choosing whaling crews 
Young America Saloon and clothier Harris' shop on Drumm Street 
Foreword

Today, after long struggle, the question of civil rights is by and large in the consciousness of most Americans. Hence the city described by Bill Pickelhaupt in this vivid, well-researched narrative seems, in one sense, light years away. The fact that free men of America or other nationalities could be enticed, drugged, then shanghaied into what amounted to penal servitude before the mast for indefinite periods of time seems, like slavery itself, to belong to another and very remote era. And yet, even as this book appears, cases regarding the enforced servitude of Asian immigrants in Southern California sweatshops are pending before the courts. The question of enforced servitude, even slavery itself, remains a pressing issue in many parts of the world. In various forms, the practice of shanghaiing has not become a thing of the past.

For all its sordid illegality, the culture and practice of shanghaiing--the boardinghouses, the saloons, the dance halls and bordellos, the crimps themselves, the swiftly sailing Whitehalls which serviced the ships--was an established part of the culture of old San Francisco. Indeed, as Pickelhaupt demonstrates, the official establishment of the city and its political bosses had a tendency to look the other way when it came to what was in effect the kidnapping and enslavement of working men. The culture of shanghaiing, moreover, was but one part of the harsh exploitation of maritime labor on the Pacific Coast which continued into the twentieth century.

Organized in March 1885 in San Francisco, the Coast Seamen's Union fought the exploitation of maritime labor as best it could. In July 1891 the Coast Seamen's Union joined the Steamship Sailors Union to form the Sailors Union of the Pacific, which elected former sailor Andrew Furuseth to its presidency. For the next quarter of a century ensued the struggle to correct such abuses as the beating of sailors, the frequent defrauding of sailors wages and shanghaiing itself. Not until Senator Robert La Follette of Wisconsin introduced the Seamen's Act into Congress, which was signed into law by Woodrow Wilson on March 4, 1915, were the last vestiges of enforced servitude outlawed on American ships.

Meanwhile, there flourished in San Francisco, the rough, rowdy, frequently violent and sometimes colorful world described by Bill Pickelhaupt in this engaging book. Writers such as Frank Norris and Jack London found in the shanghaiing culture of the port of San Francisco a world of elemental brutality--yet vivid drama. Today, San Francisco prides itself on its identity as a world-renowned center for the arts, dining, retail and other amenities. It is important to remember, however, that this city of refinement came into being and passed its middle years as a bare-knuckled Pacific port. Assembling the historical materials of this era and fashioning them into narrative, Bill Pickelhaupt helps us understand San Francisco in a new light.
Kevin Starr, author of the
“Americans and the California Dream series.

Preface

Shanghaiing. The word carries a power which frightens and fascinates. It attracts and repulses us. But how much do we know about this practice which supposedly thrived on San Francisco's waterfront in the 19th century?

I came across the subject of shanghaiing in 1994 while writing a small book about the old rowing clubs of San Francisco. There seemed to be murky connections with shanghaiing and the Whitehall boatmen who were early members of some of these clubs. How widespread was the practice of shanghaiing? Could shanghaiing exist without the assistance of San Francisco's politicians? I decided to investigate further. Using Richard H. Dillon's Shanghaiing Days as a guide, names of sailors' boardinghouse keepers were identified. Retail clothiers along the waterfront were also involved in providing men as sailors, willingly or otherwise. Then a photograph of a man who was a bare-knuckle boxer and boardinghouse keeper fleshed out the picture. The man, Thomas Chandler, not only shanghaied sailors and fought bare-knuckle bouts, he served on the San Francisco Democratic County Committee for over thirty years. Then shanghaiers who had terms in the California State Assembly and Senate revealed themselves. They spent more terms in the state legislature than in San Quentin. I was on to something.

The incentive to shanghai men was the advance money paid by shipowners through their agents and captains to men and women who supplied sailors to man a  ship. No questions were asked--present a body and the first two months of that man's wages were yours. Sometimes the body did not have to be warm. Corpses were sometimes shanghaied.

Not just white males provided crews for ships in a questionable way. Although white males, almost all of them immigrants from outside the United States, formed the bulk of the community, white and Hispanic men and women joined in an early economic form of equality. Blacks shanghaied “coloreds,” Hispanics shanghaied Hispanics, Chinese shanghaied Japanese, and whites shanghaied everyone, regardless of color. Dorothy Paupitz, age seventy-eight, still sent young men to an uncertain fate, even after going through four husbands herself. (She did not shanghai her husbands—two died and two went insane.)

Thomas Crowley, Sr., founder of Crowley Maritime, got his start as a Whitehall boatman on San Francisco Bay. He knew all the crimps on the waterfront. Old Man Crowley admitted he was one himself during his beginning. When he took a victim to his new home, “If they gave me any trouble, I hit 'em with the boat's footstretchers. That would quiet 'em down.”

While I was cataloguing oral histories at the San Francisco Maritime Museum Library, what inspired me originally was reading first-hand accounts of men who drank drugged liquor and woke up one hundred miles outside the Golden Gate. Culled in 1959 and '60 by Jack McNairn, these stories have never been published before. They make up a compelling part of our maritime heritage—but a part some people would rather forget.

Another clue, and a huge incentive to pursue shanghaiing as a research topic, was discovery of listings in San Francisco City Directories of something called the Seamen's Boarding House Masters' Association. When Tommy Chandler, a man I knew was a crimp, turned up as president of this association, I knew I was on to something fascinating. I found a photograph of him and two other crimps and the course was clear—the story of San Francisco's shanghaiing past had to be told even if the tale had to be pieced together. New research in the pages of the Daily Alta, from 1867 to 1890 yielded missing pieces with which a narrative could be stiched.

The payment book of a crimp also was uncovered. James Laflin arrived in San Francisco in 1849 on the Gold Rush ship Arkansas. Laflin served as cabin boy on the passage around Cape Horn from New York. When the Arkansas became the Old Ship Saloon, Laflin worked there as bartender. He shanghaied men for over fifty years in San Francisco. A four hundred forty page record book was discovered which documents payments made by Laflin for shipowners' agents to the various shanghaiers who brought in men to form the whaling crews Laflin specialized in. The period included is December 1886-December 1890. Over six thousand officers and men shipped through James Laflin's shipping office in that four-year period--and when a crimp brought a man in he signed for the money received. “Shanghai” Brown, “Shanghai” Nelson and dozens of other unsavory characters left a sample of their penmanship for history to view.

The voyage of discovery into San Francisco's seedy past has yielded results beyond my wildest imagination. The fabric of shanghaiing spread to the highest levels of state government, and influenced national legislation and international affairs. Yet shanghaiing did not die until the crimps had drained as much money from it as they could. When sailing ships had pretty much passed from the scene in 1915, shanghaiing died.

Bill Pickelhaupt
August 1996
San Francisco

Introduction

San Francisco has always had an aura of mystery unlike any city in the world, fueled by the possibility of living with freedoms little dreamed of elsewhere, of enjoying pleasures in a semi-lawless environment. Those illusions continue to be part of the city's attraction.

Part of the enduring mystery stems from stories that quickly spread about the city as it grew on the edge of the North American continent beginning with the Gold Rush in 1848-49. A manifestation of this lawlessness was the common practice of stealing men away to sea. They seemingly disappeared from the face of the earth for long periods of time, sometimes never to be seen again. The practice gave a new word to the English language—shanghaiing—replacing the older term of crimping. A cast of characters ranging from unscrupulouscrimps and lowly runners to skilled boatmen, respected sea captains and ship owners were its principals. Politicians, capitalist businessmen and the police were needed to allow shanghaiing to florish—for, though evil as the practice seems to us today, law-abiding citizens turned a blind eye.

Shanghaiing flourished in San Francisco between 1850 and 1910. It lent a real danger to the mystique—and the misery—of the boom town. The practice prompted enactment of laws at the state and national levels to put an end to shanghaiing, but fortunes could be made selling sailors, so these laws were weakly enforced. The political power and influence of the crimps who made their living shanghaiing prevented effective enforcement of such laws.

Crimps included men with names such as “One-Eyed” Curtin, “Horseshoe” Brown, “Shanghai” Kelly, John “Shanghai Chicken” Devine; women like Dorothy Paupitz and Anna Gomes, and many more. Sailors' boardinghouses, where the tired, lonely seamen thought they would find clean beds and fresh food were, in fact, traps for the unaware. The saloons and brightly lit gambling and dancing halls where sailors went for entertainment on the waterfront and the nearby Barbary Coast were traps where the hapless victims were transported by Whitehall boats to ships about to weigh anchor. These excellent harbor craft were developed in New York City around the War of 1812, and frequently taken twenty-five miles or more outside the Golden Gate. When the senseless sailors awoke from a drugged state as a result of knockout potions slipped into drinks, they found themselves in the focsles of sailing ships bound for Shanghai, Liverpool and ports east.

This book follows the path of the crimps and politicians during their reign in San Francisco from 1850 until 1910. The first three chapters introduce many of the personalities involved in shanghaiing, from men as notorious as James žShanghaiž Kelly, folk-villain John “Shanghai Chicken” Devine and more respectable shanghaiers like bare-knuckle boxer Thomas Chandler and James Laflin, the smartest crimp of them all. The century-old mystery of the fate of “Shanghai” Kelly will also be revealed. The fourth chapter brings the other side of the shanghaiing equation—first-hand accounts of men who were shanghaied. Most of these accounts are published for the first time, and may be found in the San Francisco Maritime Museum Library.

Whitehall boatmen, the subject of chapter five, formed the crucial connection between sailors' boardinghouses on shore—the supply side of the shanghaiing formula—and ships that needed sailors. In addition to the activities of transporting shanghaied sailors and smuggling liquor and opium, Whitehall boatmen ferried passengers and cargo between ship and shore. They sometimes went more than twenty-five miles outside the Golden Gate in search of business. That business may have been to persuade a British captain to buy supplies from a particular meat market or ship chandlery, or the more serious activity of enticing inbound sailors to desert their ships after plying the men with bad whiskey and filling their heads with stories of high wages, a good drunk or wild women, if they only followed their new found friend.

Chapters six and seven document the crimps who were also politicians, and their powerful friends like Chris “Blind Boss” Buckley, the Democratic Party boss of San Francisco in the 1880s, or William T. Higgins, Republican Party boss in the 1870s and '80s. In the face of legislation at the state level in California and at the federal level, San Francisco's shanghaiing community managed not only to survive but thrive for over forty years after the first federal legislation, the Shipping Commissioner's Act of 1872, attempted to put a stop to shanghaiing. Tables in the Appendix give an understanding of the demographics of the shanghaiing trade. Over seventy photographs and line-drawings, many not seen for over one-hundred years, help bring the days of Shanghaied In San Francisco to life.

   
Index
	A
Ahlers, Dick 
Albatross: De Veer shanghaied onto
Amazon: Attempt to shanghai a sailor onto
American takeover from Mexico
An Act to Prohibit Shanghaiing in the United States of 1906
Anderson, John 
Anderson, William R.
Arago Decision 
Arctic Oil Works 
Arnold, Thomas
Asbury, Herbert 
Ashton, John 
Austin, Alfred 
	B
Bank Exchange Saloon
Barbary Coast 
	"Shanghai" Kelly's party
	Habitues
	Herbert Asbury's
	John Ashton murdered on
	Men shanghaied on
	On Harbor Police beat 
	Part of First Ward 
	Proximity to deepwater wharves
	Tom Chandler and John Devine
Bare-Knuckle Boxing
Bark Alaska: First mate disappears when crew shipped outside channels
Bark Little Ohio: Lost in the Arctic
Barney, General B. Griffin: Deputy Shipping Commissioner
Barr, John "Jack the Ripper"
Bartlett, Washington C.
Battle Abbey: Herman attempts to shanghai a man onto
Bay View and Potrero Railroad 
Bells of Shandon 
Blood-money
	British captains refuse to pay
	Cheaper to let crew desert and pay 
	Menzies investigates problem
	Payments to runners
	Promised by Sailor's Home
	Reverse blood- money
	Stevenson determined to stop
	Total amount paid in 1872
Boardinghouse "Repeaters" 
Boardinghouse keepers: 
	Alliance deteriorating
	Callender--black sailors' boardinghouse keeper
	Crowley states they wanted to be big fellows
	George Lewis elected assemblyman
	Impact of runners strike on
	Large share of advance goes to
	Marine Board attempts to regulate
	Press ridicules
	Refuse to adhere to Dingley Act 
	Shipping master contacts when crew needed
	Steal sailors from one another
	Stevenson declares no advances to be paid to
	Stevenson helps
	Supply repeating voters in primaries
	Take two months' advance on sailors' wages
	Threat to from Labor Exchange
Boardinghouses: 
	Coastal located South of Market
	Commonality of interests with early merchants 
	Destroyed by fire
	Early system chaotic
	Higgins saloon located in the midst of
	Keep sailors going by extending credit
	Location of boardinghouses in 1850s
	Most operated by immigrants
	New competition South of Market
	North End, or deepwater houses
	Runners represent
	Shanghai early San Francisco residents
	Shipping masters market maker between boardinghouses and shipowners
Bohemian Club
Booker, William Lane
Booth, Newton
Boston House
Brady, Owen 
Brannan, Samuel
Braverman, Charles 
Bray, John K.
"British Bill"
British grain fleet 
Brown, Harry "Horseshoe" 
	Commits suicide 
	Dead at time of Springburn shanghaiing 
	Nelson worked for 
	Partner in sealer Annie 
Brown, Henry "Shanghai" 
	Boardinghouse on Davis Street 
	Chandler as his runner
	Dead at time of Springburn shanghaiing 
	In Whitehall boat race 
	Next to clothiers 
	Son arrested
	Son of "Shanghai" Brown 
	Son-in-law murdered 
	Testifies against reverse blood-money 
Brunsen, Martin 
Buckley, Christopher A.
	Apprentice under Fritz and Fallon 
	Apprentice under Higgins
	Buckley aligned with crimps 
	Chandler aligned with
	Corruption in municipal contracts
	Flees United States
  	Greggains his bodyguard 
	In fire department uniform
	Why Buckley aligned with crimps 
	Worked serving Pisco Punch 
Budd, James Herbert 
Burns, Peter 
	C
Calico Jim 
Callao, Peru
Callender, John T.:
	Actively involved in black churches and politics 
	Black sailors' boardinghouse keeper	
	Boardinghouse in 1867 
	Makes death treats against Gomez
	Purchases stolen coal 
	Signature in Laflin record 
	Trouble with boarders 
Camp, William Martin 
Cane, Billy 
Cane, Johnny 
Captain Jack
Cardoza, John 
Carlson, Johann 
Casey, Edward Warren 
Casey, Henry 
Casey, Joe 
Chamber of Commerce 
Chandler, Thomas 
	Aligned with Mannix/Brady 
	As a boxer 
	As shipping master 
	At Democratic convention 
	Attacked by John Devine 
	Democratic County Committeeman 
	Enters politics to protect boardinghouse interests 
	Friend of Menzies 
	In politics
	Obituary
	Referees bout 
	Rescues de Young 
	Residence next to John T. Sullivan 
	"Shanghai" Brown's runner 
	Shoots self in hand 
	Speaks to Boarding House Masters' Association
Chandler, Thomas W. 
Chicago Hotel 
Chute, Richard: 
	Graft prosecution
	New team opposes Stevenson 
	Power base
	Republican boss
	State Republican party secretary
Clark's Point
Clark, Billy 
Classen, Adolph 
Coast Seamen's Union 
	Bring charges against crimps
	Denies bombing Curtin's boardinghouse 
 	Foe of Curtin
	Knights of Labor withdraw support
	Support Maguire for Congress 
Coffman, Bill 
Coleman, William T. 
Colter, John 
Connors, Edward 
Consolidation Act of 1856 for the City and County of San Francisco 
Contraband, See Smuggling
Cosgrove, Patsy 
Cowlitz: Captain undercuts wage rate 
Crimmins, Phil 
Crimps' Regatta 
Crowley, Patrick 
	As Police Chief 
	Boat named for 
	May have received sailor's advance
	On Marine Board 
	Whitehall boatman 
Crowley, Sr., Dave
	At Meiggs Wharf 
	In Whitehall boat race 
	Partner of Peter Burns
	Rescues 
	Step-father of Tom
Crowley, Sr., Thomas 
	Accuses CSU of Curtin bombing 
	Debunks trapdoor myth
	Employees 
 	Friend of clothiers
	Gasoline launches built for 
	In 1898 
	Retrieves Rogers' body
	Stories  
Curtin, John 
	Explosion at boardinghouse
	Murder at boardinghouse
	Signature in Laflin
 	Record 
	Survives shipwreck
	D
David, R.L. 
de Young, Charles 
de Young, Michael H. 
Democratic Party 
Desmond, Jack 
DeVeer, Max 
Devine, John "Shanghai Chicken"
	Bare-knuckle boxer 
	Boardinghouse runner 
	Executed 
	Kamp dies
	Loses his hand 
	Shanghaied "Shanghai" Kelly 
	Shooting of Chandler
 	Shoots August Kamp
Dillon, Richard H. 
Dingley Act of 1884 
Dolphin Swimming and Boating Club 
Douglass, James 
Douglass, William Y. 
Duarte, Mary 
Dwyer, Billy 
	E
Eliza: Surgeon shanghaied onto
Explosion, Curtin's boardinghouse 
	F
Fallon, Matt 
Ferem, Johnny; Fjerem, John 
First Ward 
Fletcher, Leroy D. 
Fogle, George 
Franklin, Joseph "Frenchy" 
	Aids Henry Casey's escape 
	Appointed to Democratic State Committee
 	Arrested 
	Buckley's dogcatcher
	Business failures
	Dies in early 50s 
	Elected Assemblyman 
	Elected president of Boardinghouse Masters' Association 
	Location of boardinghouse 
	Republican County Committee member 
	Testifies against Sailor's Home 
Friedman, Stan 
Fritz, Al J. 
Fulton House 
Furuseth, Andrew 
	G
Garvey, Carl 
Gately, John 
Gately, William 
Gibson, Robert 
Gold Rush of 1848-9 
Gomes, Anna 
Gomes, Luis 
Graham, Richard 
Greggains, Alex: Buckley's bodyguard
Griffin, John D. 
	H
Hansen, Alfred C. 
Harris, Dooney 
Harris, Joe 
Harris, William 
Hart, John 
Hawkins, Timmie 
Hayes, Joseph 
Herman, Warren P. 
Higgins, William T.
	Tries to kill Michael de Young 
Hotel Nymphia 
Hounds 
Houses of prostitution 
Hoyt, Henry C. 
Humboldt House 
Hunt, Fred J. 
	I
Illegal Boarding: 
	Arrest for 
	Arrests for under Chief Crowley 
	Prohibited under Act of 1872 
	J
Jessen, Frank 
Jobet, Henry 
Johnson, John E. 
Jordan, Billy: 
	Boxing referee 
	Comments at Chandler's death 
	Overview of his career 
	Saloon owner  
	Signature in Laflin Record 
	K
Kamp, August 
Kane, John 
Kehrlein, Emil 
Kehrlein, Valentine 
Kelly, James "Shanghai" 
	Birthday party story 
	Disappearance and death 
	Inspiration for later shanghaiing stories 
	Myth of trapdoors at 
	Nickname used by contemporaries 
	Reputation 
	Shanghaied by John Devine 
	Signed for sailor's advance
	Typical immigrant business
Kelly, Martin
Kimble, George W. 
Klee, Henry 
	Proprietor, Old Ship Saloon, 1907 
Klondike Gold Rush 
Kremke, John 
	L
La Follette Act of 1915 
Labor Exchange 
Laflin, James 
	As shipping master 
	Bartender at Old Ship Saloon 
	Death 
	Early crimp
	Entry in Whitehall boat race 
	Friend of John T. Sullivan
	His sloop used to aid Henry Casey's escape
  	Laflin Record 
	Nickname "Jimmy the Drummer" 
	Partner in sealer Annie 
	Partner of Brown and Nelson 
	Partner of Pinner 
	Payments made by 
	Payments to Horseshoe Brown 
	Payments to Levy 
	Sails in Master Mariners' Regatta 
	Shipping whaling crews
	Signed for sailor's advance 
	Sloop Mary E. Donovan lost 
	Whitehall boatman
Lane, Walter W. 
Langford, John 
Langford, Thomas R. 
Law: 1864 law to control runners 
	Boarding House Association formed in response to 1864 law 
	Congress amends 1872 Act 
	Crimps evade 
	Daily Alta calls for enforcement of 
	Dingley Act of 1884 
	First law in American S.F. to prevent desertion 
	First law in California to prevent desertion 
	Maguire Act of 1895 
  	Marine Board of 1870 
	Shipping Commissioner Act of 1872 
	State law of 1889, illegal not to pay boarding bill 
	Whitehall boatmen, smuggling and 
Levy, Louis 
	Admits finding jobs for sailors 
	Payments from Laflin 
	Want ads to recruit greenhands 
Lewis, Edwin C. 
	Changes political parties 
	Delegate to state Republican convention 
	Devine invades his boardinghouse 
	Location of boardinghouse 
	Republican County Committee member 
Lewis, George 
Lewis, Harry 
Lick House 
"Lime-Juice" Corner 
Lindblom, Eric O. 
Lyons, F.N. 
Lyons, Tommy 
	M
Maitland, Billy 
	Cuts off John Devine's hand 
	Location of boardinghouse
	Thomas Chandler's partner 
Mannix, Jack 
Marine Board 
Mason & Company shipping agents 
Master Mariners' Regatta
Maynard, Harry 
McAlpine, Thomas "Soapy" 
McCann, James: 
	Arrested for illegal boarding 
	Killed by John McLean 
	Location of boardinghouse 
	Numerous violent activites 
	Threatens retaliation againsy ship's mate 
McFay, John 
McKenzie, Alexander 
McMahon, Peter 
Meiggs Wharf 
Menzies, Stewart 
Mordaunt, Al 
Mordaunt, Edward 
Morphy, Edward 
Mrs. Chiragino 
Mrs. Edgar 
Mrs. Gomes 
Mrs. Muheim 
Munroe, John 
Murray, Elizabeth 
Murray, Thomas
	Boardinghouse destroyed by fire 
	Boardinghouse near Harbor Police Station 
	Chained to mast 
	In Laflin Record 
	In Whitehall boat race 
	Location of boardinghouse 
	N
Napthaly, Benjamin F. 
Naunton, George: Shipping master 
Nelson, Nils "Shanghai": 
	First hand account of 
	Number of payments from Laflin 
	Partner of Laflin and Shanghai Brown 
	Proprietor, Chicago Hotel 
	Sailor's Home steals two boarders of 
	Shot while raiding seal rookeries 
	Signature in Laflin Record 
Nichol, Duncan 
Nikko 
North Beach 
	O
O'Brien, Jack 
Ocean House 
Old Ship Saloon: 
	Building still exists 
	Changes in address 
	Dick Ahlers at 
	Henry Klee at 
	In 1907 
	Laflin as bartender
	"Shanghai" Kelly may have worked at branch 
	Warren P. Herman at 
Olympic Club 
	P
P.G. Sabatie & Company 
Parker, John 
Paupitz, Dorothy 
Paupitz, William 
Peopležs Party 
Peterson, Andrew 
Peterson, Henry 
Pickled Chinaman 
Pinner, Robert 
Pioneer Rowing Club 
Pisco Punch 
Plaisted, Frederick A. 
Plattžs Hall 
Popper, Max 
Portsmouth Square 
Price, John C. 
	R
Rainey, Sam 
Republican County Committee
	Franklin on 
Republican Party: 
	Chute's role in winning primaries
	Franklin and Lewis protect interests as members of 
	Higgins, party boss 
Republican Party state convention: 
	Lewis a delegate to 
Richardson, William A. 
Rix, Hale 
Robert J. Tobin: 
	Whitehall boat named for
Roeben, George 
Rogers, John 
Roney, Frank 
Runners: 
	Arrest for illegal boarding 
	Artist conception of 
	Beat man to force him to ship 
	Dave Crowley, Sr., for meat market 
	Devine for Johnny Walker 
	Devine "Shanghai" Kelly's 
	How they worked a ship 
	John Fjerem, for Sailor's Home 
	Police stay on ship to stop 
	Role in shanghaiing
	"Shanghai" Kelly's 
	Share of sailors' advance 
	Signed Laflin Record 
	Thomas Crowley, Sr.'s first solo job as 
Ryan, James: 
	Charged with aggravated assault 
	Supervisor objects to extension of Sailor's Home lease
	S
Sailor's Home 
	$1 per year rent 
	Boarder beaten when he tried to leave 
	British Consul calls a crimp joint 
	Capacity 150 men
	Former chaplain testifies against 
	Founded in 1856 
	Jack F. Stewart superintendent 
	Laflin a runner for 
	Partial view in 1863 
	Police comment 
	Poor quarters
	Puts downward pressure on wages 
	Reduces deepwater wage rate 
	Representatives sign Laflin Record
	Sailor's Home subsidized by city 
	Sailors offered drinks to attend chapel 
	Steals two of "Shanghai" Nelson's boarders 
	Ten boardinghouses align with 
	Termed the largest crimp joint in the world 
	Testimony against 
Sailors: desertion by 
Sailors' advance wages:
	Approximate total paid per year 
	Congress outlaws payment to boardinghouse keepers
 	Denial of charging for finding jobs 
	Devine tried to get Kamp's 
	Discount due bill for unfamiliar persons 
	Drunken sailor refuses to ship out after receiving 
	James Ryan attempts to shanghai to get 
	Laflin Record documents 
	Two months' wages to boardinghouse keeper 
San Francisco Board of Supervisors 
San Francisco Consolidation Act of 1856 
San Francisco Fire Department and Politics 
Savory, John R. "Scab Johnny" 
Scott, Abel F. 
Seamen's Boarding House Masters' Association: 
	Chartered March 27, 1865 
	Chute and Casey installed as officers
  	John C. Price, vice-president 
	Officers of 
	Ships' captains refuse to pay members of 
	Try to stop non-members from shipping crews 
Senator James G. Fair: Whitehall boat named for 
Shanghaiers: 
	Control available sailors in 1902 
	John T. Sullivan's support among 
	Method for transporting victims 
	Name on shipping articles in 1855-6 
	Ship out crew within 24 hours of their arrival 
	Signatures in Laflin Record 
	Supply sailors in Gold Rush San Francisco 
Shanghaiers' boat race
Shaw, Frank H. 
Shickell, Jack 
Ship Arkansas, See Old Ship Saloon:
	Ship Arkansas converted to
Ship Blackwall: Burned in port by crew
Ship Reefer: Legend "Shanghai" Kelly shanghaied crew onto
Ship Yankee Blade 
	Myth "Shanghai" Kelly rescued shipwrecked passengers 
Shipping Act of 1872 
Shipping agents 
Shipping Articles 
Shipping dead men 
Shipping Masters: 
	Estimated blood-money paid by 
	James Laflin 
	Listed in San Francisco City Directories 
	Market maker role 
	Mentioned in Boarding House Masters' constitution 
	Menzies' friend Chandler hired as
	Scott and Babcock 
	Section of Act of 1872 directed against 
	Share of sailor's advance 
	Thomas W. Chandler as 
	Warren P. Herman as 
Sloop Mary E. Donovan 
Smith, Henry 
Smuggling 
South of Market 
Southern Cross: Jessen shanghaied onto by McCann 
St. Dominic's Church 
Stabens, Morris 
Staples, Marvin M. 
Staples, Melvin 
Steamer Goliah: "Shanghai" Kelly throws birthday bash on 
Stein, Gussie 
Stevenson, Jonathan D. 
Stewart, Jack F. 
Stutz, C.C. 
Sullivan, John L. 
Sullivan, John T.: 
	Appointed to state Democratic committee 
	Attends wedding of Laflin's daughter 
	Bankrupcy
	Career 
	Supervisor, First Ward 
Swannack, Daniel: 
	Denounced by Coast Seamen's Union 
	Resigns as superintendent of Sailor's Home
	Sailor's Home superintendent 
	Signature in Laflin Record
	T
Taylor, Reverend William 
Tobin, Robert J. 
Trapdoor 
Turner, Matthew 
Twigg, John 
	U
U.S. Shipping Commissioner 
	V
Vigilance Committee 
Vigilantees 
Vlautin, Paul 
	W
Warner, Abe: Cobweb Palace
Waterman, Robert "Bully" 
Whaler Jeanette 
Whaler Narwhal 
Whaling: List of men in fleet, 1906-1928 
Whaling Vessels: 
	Connors sailed on 
	Difficult conditions 
	Laflin ships crew on 
	Men lured onto 
Whitehall boat: 
	Boarder steals Franklin's 
	Chandler capsizes in 
	Harbor police try to stop shanghaiing 
	Origin 
	Reported sixty miles outside Golden Gate 
	Rescue by Dave Crowley, Sr. 
	Role in shanghaiing
	Trapdoor myth 
	Under sail 
	Used in smuggling 
	Used to transport newspapers to Oakland 
Whitehall boatmen: 
	Allows five sailors to escape 
	Competitive techniques 
	Elected to state assembly 
	Foil shanghaiing attempt in 1853 
	John T. Sullivan, friend of 
	Paid to retrieve corpses 
	Role in city's commerce 
	Role in shanghaiing
Wilson G. Hunt: Devine tries to escape on 
Wilson, Harry "Shanghai" 
Winn, A.M. 
Wright, Bowne & Company 
	Y
Yankee Sullivan
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